Turmeric ‘Curcuma longa’
Turmeric or Curcuma longa. Almost everyone is familiar with turmeric plant or turmeric spices. Turmeric powder or turmeric paste is a regular part of Bengali’s daily cooking. The original origin of the turmeric plant is South Asia. Cultivation of turmeric requires a lot of water or rain, after planting the tubers (rhizomes) the plants are usually grown at 20 to 30 degrees Celsius. It is a perennial plant whose underground roots are called Turmeric. The roots of the turmeric plant are harvested once a year. New plants grow from old tubers the following year.
Turmeric or Curcuma longa is called the queen of spices.
Turmeric or Curcuma longa. Turmeric is known as the queen of spices. Turmeric is golden in color and has a mesmerizing scent. People around the world have been using turmeric for medicinal purposes for thousands of years. The importance of this spice is immense.
Scientific Name of Turmeric:
Turmeric (scientific name: Curcuma longa) is a type of spice obtained from the roots of the turmeric plant. It is widely used in the cooking of India, Bangladesh and other countries of the world. It is a herbaceous plant belonging to the ginger family (Zingiberaceae).
Local name – Turmeric.
Scientific name- Curcuma longa
Species- C. longa
History of Turmeric plant:
The origin of the name turmeric is still unknown. The genus name Curcuma comes from the Arabic word for turmeric. Turmeric has been used in cooking in the Asian continent for thousands of years. Turmeric on the other hand is well known as a medicinal plant.
About Turmeric ‘Curcuma longa’ plant.
The Turmeric plant is tall in shape. Turmeric is a deciduous perennial plant, it has large oblong leaves. The plant grows up to one meter tall. It needs 20-30 degree temperature and abundant rainfall to grow.
The height of the plant is 60-90 cm and 105-125 cm depending on the variety. Each plant has 2 to 3 buds. Its leaves are dark green in color and long in shape. Each plant has 8 to 15 leaves and the leaf length is 55-65 cm. Average weight of turmeric per plant is 250-800 grams.
About Turmeric Flower.
Turmeric ‘Curcuma longa’ flowers bloom between the trunks of Turmeric plant. This flower is white in color. Turmeric plant flower color is usually light yellowish and white in color. Turmeric flowers are of these two colors.
The flowers are 30 to 40 cm. long and 8 to 12 cm. is wide up to Inflorescence 10 to 15 cm in length. The flowers emerge from the center of the stem. The inflorescence is compound and many flowers are borne in clusters on a bud. The flowers have a mild fragrance, but there are no fruits or seeds.
The most important chemical constituents of turmeric are a group of compounds called curcuminoids, which include curcumin or diferuloylmethane, demethoxycurcumin and bisdemethoxycurcumin. Studies show that turmeric powder contains an average of 3.14% curcumin(1); However, the amount of curcumin in different species of turmeric varies greatly. Additionally, other important volatile oils include turmerone, atlantone, and zingiberene. Some common ingredients include sugar, protein, and resin.
How to prepare turmeric natural paste:
Good quality turmeric powder – 1/4 cup pepper powder – half teaspoon pure water – half cup Mix all the ingredients together in a medium flame and stir continuously. until a thick paste forms. It should be kept for 7 minutes. If it is too dry then add little by little. Then take it off the stove and cool it in an air tight container and keep it in the fridge. This paste can be used for 2 weeks. Half a teaspoon of this paste daily is beneficial for various types of pain in the body. Those who have excessive pain, take half to 1 teaspoon of this paste 2 times a day and the pain will go away within 3/4 days.
Make golden milk or Turmeric milk:
Nut milk- 1 cup (you can use coconut milk, soymilk, cow milk or any milk instead), cooking coconut oil- 1 teaspoon (you can use nut or sesame oil instead) and prepared turmeric paste- 1/ 4 teaspoons or a little more honey – according to taste, mix all the ingredients except honey in a bowl, put it on the stove on medium heat, stirring constantly, and when it is well heated, let it cool down a bit. Mix the yolk with honey and drink it while it is hot.
Rules for drinking golden milk:
Golden milk should be consumed on an empty stomach. Time to wake up in the morning and sleep at night. By doing this regularly twice a year for 40 days, the body will be disease-free and the skin will be beautiful and glowing.
The roots of the turmeric plant are boiled for several hours, then dried in a hot oven. After crushing this root a dark yellow powder is obtained. This turmeric powder is used in food preparation in various countries of South Asia and Middle East. However, traditionally, after washing these roots well, turmeric paste is made by mixing with water in a dry mortar. Which is directly used in cooking.
Nutrients table of Turmeric ‘Curcuma longa’
According to the US Department of Agriculture’s National Nutrient Information Index, 1 tablespoon of turmeric powder contains;
29 calories, 0.91g protein, 0.31g fat, 6.31g carbohydrates, 2.1g fiber and 0.3g glucose. It also provides 26 percent of the daily requirement of manganese, 16 percent of iron, 5 percent of potassium, 3 percent of vitamin C and a small amount of vitamin E, vitamin K, calcium, copper and zinc.
Turmeric is used worldwide as one of the ingredients for maintaining good health.
Cultivation of turmeric as an additional crop in land crops is very profitable. Turmeric can be grown as a companion crop at the beginning of any fruit garden.
Turmeric ‘Curcuma longa’ have lot of Antibiotics:
Turmeric has nutritional properties as well as various disease-fighting properties. Cancer Prevention, Relief from Arthritis, Increases Immunity, Liver Health, Aids in Digestion and Weight Loss, Antiseptic Properties, Prevents Alzheimer’s Disease in Old Age, Cures Acne, Brightens Body Color, Improves Tone of Throat, Boils and Dryness, Asthma Turmeric can be used to cure diseases, excessive thirst, filaria or gout and other diseases.
Turmeric is most commonly used in Ayurveda treatment.
1. As an anthelmintic.
2. It removes stuttering and stuttering of the child.
3. Relieves burning sensation during urination.
4. Cures skin diseases.
5. Cures body itching.
6. Eye redness is good.
7. Reduces pain and swelling quickly when a body part is sprained or injured.
8. To stop the bleeding.
9. Carminative, antacid and digestive booster.
10. To make cooking delicious.
11. Acne treatment.
12. To remove body stains.
13. To brighten complexion.
14. If breathing is obstructed by sitting in the throat.
15. Boil and dry.
16. Eliminates liver problems.
Benefits of Turmeric ‘Curcuma longa’
- Raw turmeric is a natural antiseptic. So applying turmeric paste on pricks and burns is very beneficial and provides quick relief from pain and scars.
- When turmeric is combined with cauliflower it prevents cancer and stops the growth of existing prostate cancer.
- Prevents breast cancer and cures colon cancer.
- Enhances taste.
- Reduces the risk of leukemia in children.
- The anti-inflammatory properties of turmeric make it a natural treatment for arthritis and inflammatory arthritis.
- Turmeric reduces the effects of chemo drugs and their side effects.
- Studies have shown that turmeric works well in alleviating pancreatic cancer.
- Stops tumor growth and increases new blood production.
- Grinding turmeric root, frying it with ghee and mixing it with sugar and eating it (regularly) for a few days cures diabetes. Prameh also cures.
- It helps in fat metabolism and controls weight.
- Turmeric is used in Chinese medicine as a treatment for chronic depression.
- Turmeric is very beneficial for any skin disease. Raw milk mixed with raw turmeric and applied on the body gets relief from eczema, allergy, rash, itching etc.
- Turmeric also acts as an anti-depressant used to prevent depression. Also, this ingredient has the properties of aspirin. Its application can control the amount of blood concentration in patients suffering from vascular thrombosis.
- Turmeric works very well in colds. To reduce cough, eat a few spoons of turmeric juice, or you can rub a piece of turmeric with honey and put it in your mouth and suck it slowly. If you can’t do that, drink a glass of warm milk mixed with turmeric powder, a little butter and pepper powder. Cough will be cured by consuming it a few times. Both cough and sore throat will be relieved.
- Turmeric contains proteins, vitamins, mineral salts, phosphorus, calcium, iron etc. So eating turmeric increases the immunity of the body. Regular consumption of raw turmeric juice reduces the risk of leukemia or blood cancer in children. It is possible to stay healthy by mixing turmeric powder or juice with milk or water every day.
- Turmeric makes the skin fair and graceful. By consuming raw turmeric mixed with milk every night before going to bed, the skin color gradually becomes fairer.
- Another component of turmeric ‘polyphenol’ acts as a corticosteroid to cure the eye disease ‘Chronic Anterior Uveitis’. It should be noted that severe irritation and inflammation are seen in the eyes during the outbreak of this disease.
- If the skin inside the mouth is irritated, mixing turmeric powder in hot water and gargling it is good.
- If any part of the body is burnt, you can mix turmeric powder in water and apply it.
- It is better to apply turmeric powder mixed with ground almonds and curd if the body burns in the heat of the sun.
According to Ayurvedic medicine specialist, turmeric purifies or cleanses the blood in the human body.
Flatulence and chronic diarrhoea:
Taking turmeric powder or juice with water is very beneficial for flatulence and chronic diarrhea.
Turmeric is very effective in suppressing stomach infections. Mixing turmeric powder with butter or milk is beneficial.
15-20 drops of raw turmeric juice (according to age) mixed with a little salt should be taken in the morning on an empty stomach. An effective drug against worms, hence it is also called anthelmintic or anthelmintic.
If you realize that the color of the skin is getting pale in Pandu disease (Jaundice), starting from 5 to 10 drops of turmeric juice and mixing it with a little sugar or honey according to age, the system has been going on for a long time. Again, a little turmeric powder mixed with twice its quantity of curd cures liver problems and jaundice. Eating turmeric with honey gives special benefits.
In the case of those who stutter in childhood or have a habit of speaking quickly, powdered turmeric (raw turmeric should be dried and powdered) should be licked two to three times with a teaspoon of ghee and fried a little. It reduces stuttering.
In this fever raw turmeric is dried and powdered with the juice of bitter gourd leaves and a little honey and it is good.
After drying the turmeric root in the sun and mixing it with a teaspoon of honey and the juice of bitter gourd leaves, measles is cured.
Eating turmeric powder mixed with honey gives special benefits in these diseases.
Thirst or thirst:
Take five-seven grams of raw turmeric and boil it in one and a half cups of water for 5-10 minutes, filter it and drink the water little by little with sugar to relieve the thirst caused by mucus.
Mixing turmeric powder, sugarcane molasses and pure mustard oil together and licking it gives some relief from asthma. Apart from this, mixing a teaspoon of turmeric powder in a glass of milk and consuming it two to three times a day gives good benefits. It is best consumed on an empty stomach.
Turmeric powder works as a great medicine for wounds inside the nose.
If there is any common cause of loss of voice, mixing two grams of turmeric powder in sugar syrup and heating it a little is very beneficial. Taking a pinch of turmeric powder in hot milk at night cures hoarseness and hoarseness.
To remove acne:
Turmeric contains antiseptic and antibacterial properties that help clear acne. It not only clears acne, but also reduces acne scars and oil production from pores. Make a mask by mixing raw turmeric powder, sandalwood powder, lemon juice and apply it on your face for 15 minutes. When dry, wash your face with lukewarm water. Moreover, mix raw turmeric paste and water on the acne and keep it for 15 minutes. The acne will clear up in a few days.
To remove wrinkles:
Turmeric helps in removing skin wrinkles. Mix 2/3 pinch of turmeric powder, rice powder, tomato juice, raw milk and apply it as a face mask for 15 minutes. Then wash your face with lukewarm water. It is very effective in normalizing skin fine lines and sagging skin, brightening the skin.
To remove dark spots under the eyes:
Mix 2/3 pinch of turmeric powder with butter and apply under the eyes for 20 minutes. Then wash your eyes with cold water. It will also remove dark spots along with wrinkles under the eyes.
Retention of age:
Mix gram flour, raw turmeric paste, sour curd and apply it all over the body, including the face, until it dries up. When dry, scrub and massage counter-clockwise. It keeps the skin youthful while cleansing the skin.
To remove stretch marks:
To remove stretch marks due to thickening of the skin, mix gram flour with raw turmeric and apply it on the specific area, the scars will gradually reduce.
To remove unwanted skin hair:
By scrubbing with flour and raw turmeric paste daily, unwanted skin hair will gradually reduce.
To remove cracked heels:
Mix raw turmeric with coconut oil or castor oil and apply it for 15 minutes before taking a bath.
A. If there is pus-like saliva with burning sensation during urination, taking a teaspoon of raw turmeric juice with a little honey or sugar relieves the disease.
B. Crushed turmeric and taken with amlaki also relieves promeh.
Grinding turmeric root, frying it with ghee and mixing it with sugar for a few days (regularly) cures diabetes. Prameh also cures.
Mixing turmeric and old jaggery is beneficial for gallstones.
Eating a mixture of turmeric and old jaggery cures fainting.
As turmeric is rich in iron, its raw juice is mixed with a teaspoon of Honey and taken every day to cure anemia.
Turmeric ‘Curcuma longa’ cultivation system all over the world.
Binahlud-1; The yield is about 1 kg per plant.
Binahlud-1 is a modern high yielding variety, yielding more than conventional varieties. The tree is tall in shape, the leaves are dark green and long. The height of a fully grown tree is 125-135 cm. The number of leaves is 16-22 and the length of the leaves is 55-65 cm. Number of rhizomes per plant is 28-35. Rhizomes 12-15 cm long and 3-5 cm. wide
The weight of turmeric per plant is 850-1000 grams. Shells are attractive dark yellow and dry matter content is 38-45%. Resistant to leaf blight and rhizome rot. The crop can be harvested within 280-305 days of sowing. The yield of the variety is about 30-33 tons per hectare.
Land and soil selection of Turmeric ‘Curcuma longa’.
Sandy loam and silty loam soils are suitable for turmeric cultivation. The soil should be prepared by plowing 4-5 deep and using a ladder. Care should be taken to ensure that the soil is moist. Furadan 5g should be applied at the rate of 25-30 kg per hectare before final cultivation. There must be good irrigation and drainage system.
Sowing seeds of Turmeric ‘Curcuma longa’
Mid-March month is the best time to plant tubers.
1-2 baskets of tubers weighing 15-20 grams should be planted. 50 cm 25 cm apart in rows. 5-7 cm apart. The tubers should be planted deep. 2500 kg of tubers are required per hectare. After the tubers are planted, they should be dug up.
There are two developed varieties in Bangladesh called Dimla and Sinduri. The Dimla variety gives 3 times more yield than the local variety. It is available in the international market.
Fertilizer application and management:
The amount of fertilizer depends on the fertility of the land. Generally, the amount of fertilizer per hectare is: dung 4-6 tons, urea 200-240 kg, TSP 170-190 kg, MOP 160-180 kg, gypsum 105-120 kg and zinc sulfate 2-3 kg. At the time of land preparation, all cow dung, TSP, gypsum, zinc sulphate and 80 kg of MOP fertilizer should be mixed with the soil.
After 50-60 days of planting tubers, 100-120 kg of urea should be lightly plowed and applied again. After 50-60 days of the 1st installment, the second installment – and another 50-60 days after the third installment – should be applied. 50-60 kg of Urea and 40-45 kg of MOP fertilizer should be applied per hectare as top-fertilizer in 2nd and 3rd installments. Fertilizer of the 2nd and 3rd installments should be applied between the rows and then mixed with the soil after cutting with a hoe and a little soil should be added to the well.
Time of planting:
Turmeric tubers are generally planted from mid-April to mid-May (beginning to end of Baisakh). For planting, select plump, shiny and disease-free tubers.
Seed rate and seed treatment:
2.0-2.5 tonnes of tubers (rhizomes) are required per hectare. Good yield is obtained from tubers weighing about 50 grams. Tubers should be cleaned to protect against various seed borne diseases. 4-6 hours before planting, mix Bavistin/Scor 2 grams per liter of water and immerse the tubers for 30-40 minutes, then remove the tubers from the water and dry them in the shade and plant them in the original soil.
Planting method and distance:
60 cm in land. Seed tubers should be planted 5-7 cm deep in 25 cm rows and covered with soil. A 60 cm wide drain should be kept between the two rows for irrigation and drainage. Later, the soil should be lifted from the drain between the two rows and placed at the base of the tree.
Fertilizer amount and application method:
Fertilizer levels per hectare;
Dung-5 tons, Urea-220 kg, TSP-120 kg, MP-220-kg, Gypsum-100 kg and Boron-2 kg. The amount of fertilizer can be more or less depending on the fertility of the soil. At the time of final cultivation, complete dung, TSP, gypsum, boron and half urea and half MP fertilizers should be mixed well with the soil. Residual urea and MP fertilizer should be applied in two equal installments after 70-80 days and 100-120 days.
Turmeric land should be kept free of weeds, in that case weeding should be done 3-4 times according to the condition of the land and urea fertilizer should be applied. For water drainage and proper growth of rhizomes, soil should be lifted 2-3 times from between two rows of turmeric and placed at the base of the plant. will be good If the soil is dry, give light irrigation. But care should be taken so that water does not accumulate on the ground. Drainage of accumulated water should be arranged. Mulching (dry leaves or straw) should be provided to conserve soil moisture and regulate temperature. This will reduce the amount of weeds.
Pests and Insects:
Disease and spider attack is much less than conventional varieties. This variety is resistant to leaf blight and rhizome rot.
When turmeric leaves are infected with leafblotch disease, the upper part of the leaf usually dries up, as a result, the plant cannot produce food, and the yield is reduced. As soon as this disease appears, fungicides such as Autostin/Bavistin 2 grams or Folicur 1 ml per liter of water should be mixed and sprayed 2-3 times on the entire leaves after 10-12 days.
When yellow tuber attack occurs, the lower leaves of the plant turn yellow and the whole plant dries up and dies. Affected plants come up easily when pulled by hand. Healthy tubers should be used as seeds to avoid tuber rot. Seed treatment is definitely an important issue. As soon as this disease appears in the field, fungicides such as Autostin/Bavistin 2 grams or Folicur 1 ml per liter of water should be mixed and sprayed 2-3 times on the entire leaves after 10-12 days.
Harvesting is usually done within 280-305 days after sowing when the upper part of the plant is completely dry. February is the perfect time for harvesting. Turmeric tubers should be collected by loosening the soil by digging with a spade, but care should be taken not to damage the tubers. The roots of the tubers should be cut and cleaned well and kept in a shaded place. After cleaning, the turmeric root and stem should be kept in a separate shaded place. This is called curing. Curing should be done after processing.
This variety can yield 30-33 tonnes per hectare if properly cared for.
Fresh and disease-free rhizomes must be selected to preserve turmeric. Digging holes according to the size of the rhizome and keeping the turmeric tubers maintains proper humidity and freshness. Turmeric tubers should be spread over it with sand by making trenches on the straw floor. Then cover the tuber well with sand. There must be adequate ventilation.
You can cultivate Binahlud-1, the yield per plant is 1 kg.
Leaf blight disease:
Brown burnt spots on leaves. If there is no disease in the turmeric plant, turmeric should be harvested in February. But he had to remove the turmeric before long if it was Bamo. Otherwise the plant dies, turmeric is not available. Farmers usually do not take any measures to cure the disease. Not only in the hilly areas of Joom Turmeric, but also in the plains, there are now reports of disease attack on Turmeric in the alternating monsoons. Turmeric plants are commonly attacked by three diseases: leaf blight, leaf spot and tuber rot. The first two diseases are now being seen in yellow plants.
The symptoms and remedies of these two diseases are discussed.
Yellow leaf blight disease:
Leaf blight disease At first numerous small round brown spots are seen on both sides of the leaves of yellow plants affected by this disease. The spots run parallel to the leaf veins. Gradually the spots grow larger and several spots coalesce to scorch the leaves. Severely affected leaves eventually drop off. If the affected dry leaves are lying on the ground, with the help of wind, the germs of this disease infect other dry plants and scorch the leaves of most of the plants in the field. This disease is caused by the fungus Taphrina maculans.
If you want to control this disease, you have to go to the field regularly and see the trees. If the diseased leaves are removed and burned at the beginning of the attack, the disease cannot progress further.
Even then, if the disease occurs, mix 10 milliliters (2 teaspoons) of Folicur or 20 grams (4 teaspoons) of Diathen M45 fungicide per 10 liters of water (1 spray machine water) and spray all the plants in the field well on both sides of the leaves. This disease is cured by spraying three to four times in 15 days.
To avoid this disease in the future, tubers or tubers cannot be kept as seeds from any diseased field. Even before planting the tubers, they should be treated with Bavistin or Diathen M45. It is better not to cultivate turmeric in the same land for two to three consecutive years.
Yellow leaf spot disease:
Leaf spot disease Continuous high humidity weather favors this disease. Frequent rain and heat increase the disease. This disease is more common in August-September in this country. But this disease continues till October-November. The germs of the disease can live up to a year in the dry leaves of infected plants. From there, the disease spreads through air, water etc.
This disease is caused by the fungus called Colletotrichum capsici.
In the attack of this disease, oval round spots appear on the leaves. There are brown to dark brown rings around the spots and gray color in the center of the spots. A yellow ring is formed around the entire spot. Gradually the spots start to enlarge and spots are formed over a large part of the leaf. In severe infestations, the entire leaf area becomes scorched and the affected leaves droop and eventually dry up.
Management Diseased and dry leaves should be collected from the trees and burnt.
As soon as the disease is seen, after removing the affected leaves, the rest of the plants in the field should be sprayed with fungicides such as Candozym (eg Bavistin) or Mancozeb (eg Diathen M45). Mix 20 grams (4 teaspoons) of fungicide in every 10 liters of water (1 spray machine water) and spray all the plants in the field. This disease is cured by spraying three to four times in 15 days.
The field should be kept clean at all times. The dry leaves of the turmeric plant should be cleaned.
To avoid this disease in the future, tubers or tubers cannot be kept as seeds from any diseased field. Even before planting the tubers, they should be treated with Bavistin or Diathen M45. Yellow seeds from diseased plants should not be kept.
Causes and remedies for yellow leaves of Turmeric ‘Curcuma longa’ plants:
People like to plant Turmeric plant on the balcony or roof of the house, but often we see that the leaves of our favorite trees are turning yellow, the leaves are falling, the whole tree is dying. Even after so much care, it is seen that the leaves of the tree turn yellow. There is not just one reason why leaves turn yellow. The leaves of each tree turn yellow for one reason or another. If we don’t understand why a plant is turning yellow, we can’t properly care for it.
Here are a few reasons from research experience:
If water is less/more:
If the plant is watered more or less than required, there is a possibility that the leaves of the plant will turn yellow. If the plant is watered less, the leaves will turn yellow and dry.
Not watering plants regularly:
Again, if you give excessive water to the tree, you can understand the feeling of dampness by rubbing the leaves a little. So you need to be careful when watering the plants so that the amount of water in the plants is not too low or too high. This may cause the tree to die. Always test the soil with your fingers to see if the soil is dry or wet.
If fertilizer is less/more:
All farmers use more or less chemical fertilizers but many do not know which fertilizer should be used in what quantity and when. So excessive use of these chemical fertilizers will cause the leaves to turn yellow and burn. In this case, a lot of water will be used so that the chemical fertilizers are washed away in the water. Then it will be possible to save the tree.
If the fertilizer is less, the leaves will turn yellow and fall off. For this, NPK fertilizers should be used as required during planting.
When the amount of oxygen in the soil decreases:
Even if there is a lack of oxygen in the soil, the leaves of the plant may turn yellow. Then 2/3 of the nails should be put on the soil of the plant tub on both sides. Since nails are made of iron, iron needs oxygen in the air to rust. Rust is mainly ferric oxide, so when this rust forms it can provide essential oxygen to the soil. Fertilizer should be applied if land.
Lack of potassium:
Many times it is seen that the upper leaves of the plant are green but the lower leaves turn yellow. Or the leaves are yellow around the edges but green in the middle.
If this is the case, it should be understood that there is a lack of potassium in the plant. In this condition, the banana peel should be dried in the sun and blended and given at the base of the tree. Or use a pinch of potassium fertilizer in the soil of the plant. If the land is to give potassium fertilizer.
Avoid composting when transplanting new seedlings into tubs:
The leaves of the plants turn yellow even if vermicompost or cow dung is not added to the soil prepared at the time of transplanting. And after every 2 to 3 months these plants should be fertilized with compost. In this the plant will get regular food as needed.
If attacked by insects:
Many times the leaves turn yellow when attacked by insects. For this, you have to take measures to kill insects as necessary. Pesticides should be sprayed conveniently.
The leaves may turn yellow after a thorough care. Then it should be understood that there is a lack of magnesium in the leaves of the tree, as a result of which there is a deficiency of chlorophyll. As a result, the leaves of the plant appear yellowish (the whole becomes pale). If there is such a problem, the tree cannot produce enough food, as a result, there is a delay in the flowering and fruiting of the plant.
So in this condition Epsom salt (which is also known as mag salt in the market) should be used on the tree. Epsom salt 40 to 50 taka per kg which should be mixed with 1 to 2 grams in 1 liter of water and sprayed on the leaves after 15 to 20 days.
When the season changes:
Many times when the season changes like from hot to cold or from cold to hot or even during monsoons the leaves of the trees turn yellow. These are normal occurrences. During these periods the leaves may turn yellow which is a natural phenomenon. But if the leaves turn yellow for a long time or fall off, it is necessary to take some action.
Synonym of the Turmeric.
Curcuma longa etc.
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