Neolamarckia cadamba: Images, Benefits, Habitat, Price and Propagation.

Neolamarckia cadamba is a Evergreen, Bird friendly tree. Ancient time(1800-1980), People use it for suppress Hunger, Timber or in Paper making process. It’s a well known tree in Hinduism religion. Commonly known as: Burflower-tree( English Name), Laran, Leichhardt pine, Sobuj Kadam Gach, Kadam, Cadamba, Kadam Ful, Kadam Flower, Neolamarckia etc. It’s Native in Asian counties, Russia, North America etc.

Overview of  Neolamarckia cadamba: Description.

Neolamarckia cadamba is a medicinal tree. People mainly use for to make various Homemade-medicine and Wood. Ripe fruit is always eligible for eat. Female Monkey and various Bird like to eat this ripe fruits. According to our investigation, Neolamarckia cadamba seedlings start bearing flowers when they are 30 feet tall and 3 to 4 years old.

Scientific Classification of Neolamarckia cadamba with quick overview.

Scientific Classification Name
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Rubiaceae
Genus: Neolamarckia
Species: N. cadamba

Quick overview at a Glance:

Common Data Result
English Name: Burflower-tree
Flower Color: White, Yellow
Whole Flower weight: 30 to 40 Gram
Ripe fruit color and weight:  Light Orange, 35 to 45 Gram
Leaf color and weight:  Dense green, 5 to 7 Gram
Flowering usually begins:  3 to 4 years old.
Life Period; 15 to 20+ years.
Flower Blooming time: Jun to August.
Popularity:  70%
Availability: North America, South America, Japan, Russia, Sudan, Canada, Zambia, Kuwait, India, Bangladesh, Africa, Pakistan, Myanmar.
Suitable soil for growing trees: Loam, Sandy Loam
Cultivation process: 1. Land.

2. Tub.

Fertilizer: 1. Nitrogen.

2. Potassium.

3. Compost fertilizer.


Binomial name of the Neolamarckia cadamba is Neolamarckia cadamba. In 1830, Achille Richard coined the name Anthocephalus indicus.

Flower of the Neolamarckia cadamba.

Neolamarckia cadamba produces flowers or fruits at the tip of the green branches. Peduncle is long and slender and green in color which is 2 to 3 cm. Sepals are green in color. Flowers once a year or fruit once. A disease-free 3-year-old tree has 3 to 5 thousand buds and a 6-year-old tree has 8 to 12 thousand flower buds. In the month of June of the year, the small flower bud of 4 to 6 grams of green color can be seen. Due to excessive hot or cold temperature, the flowering of this plant is delayed. Sometimes it takes time from June to August to bloom. So June to August is the perfect time for this tree to flower.

Then its flower bud average distance: 1 to 3 cm. which is surrounded by two green sheets. It takes 10 to 14 days from flower bud to flower. However, it takes 10 to 17 days if it rains excessively. The weight of this round bud before flowering is 19 to 31 grams.

These round flowers are long flowers with white needle shape on the bud and soft fragrance. Now the color of the bud of this flower is yellow and the color of the flower is pale white. The average vertical size of the flower is 2 to 4.5 cm. The flowers are in full bloom in June. A disease-free flower bud has 300 to 400 flowers. Without this one ovary, the weight of the flower alone is 0.023 to 0.027 gm. The flower is Bisexual and the flowers of a tree bloom simultaneously. So when the flower blooms, it looks colorful and smells sweet to the nose, which attracts people and animals. In this, lovers offer their love by plucking these flowers. But children of 5 to 9 years like to play with this flower.

Still in the Asian continent, in many places, women give this flower garland as a gift to her lover. Which is considered a way of expressing love. But this necklace is beautiful enough and can be dried and stored for 3 to 4 years.

Then a disease-free flower bud and flower combination weight 30 to 40 grams. This flower needs 20 to 30 days for proper pollination. Which is 273. A pressure of 15 Kelvin (or 0 degrees Celsius) and 101325 Pascals (or 760 millimeters of mercury) is required. However, if the temperature is too hot or cold, it takes 2 to 3 days longer.

After pollination, the needle-shaped flowers are light purple in color after drying in the sun. Now the color of this flower’s uterus is dark yellow. Then begins the process of fruit formation.

When cutting a healthy flower of Neolamarckia cadamba, we can see several parts: the central point with white and soft sugar substance, the surface with yellow soft-looking plastids and attached flower which is soft and white in color. This flower looks white like Hasna hena flower.

Leaf of Neolamarckia cadamba:

Leaf structure Classification
Arrangement on the stem is: Alternative.
Edges: Smooth.
Arrangement: Simple.
Shapes: Spear shaped.
Veins: Netlike.

The leaves of Neolamarckia cadamba are of dense green color. However it dries but is light orange in color. It takes 3 to 5 days for the first young leaves to grow. Then young leaves are surrounded by 2 sheets and in this time, the weight of this green leaf is 3 to 4 grams. Young Leaves are 5 to 7 grams and 13–32 cm (5.1–12.6 in) long in 8 to 10 days.

After Cutting a Healthy leaf of Neolamarckia cadamba, We can see several parts:

The stipule of the leaves of Neolamarckia cadamba is green and comparatively a little larger. Petiole leaves long narrow and less than 2 cm. The base of the leaves is soft and light green in color. The midrib of the leaf is a little lighter colored and dark purple but it is a little hard. Leaf veins are visible to the eye and a diseased leaf has 12 to 16 veins. The margin is soft and light black-purple in color. The apex of the leaf looks smooth but it is soft.

Rubbing or crushing the leaves of Neolamarckia cadamba into hands spread bad smell. If you rub the leaves with your hands for 3 minutes, the leaves are black in color and smelly water comes out. These leaves are inedible. However, these leaves are eaten by animals and birds even if people do not eat them. 2 to 3 year old goats like to eat the leaves of this tree. Leaves help in making fuel, making domestic medicine or meeting the daily food needs of cattle. The leaves do not pollute the water. The leaves are incorporated into the soil within 6 to 12 days and are converted into organic manure.

A disease free 3 year old Neolamarckia cadamba tree has 10 to 12 thousand leaves and a 5 year old tree has 16 to 18 thousand leaves.

Fruits of the Neolamarckia cadamba: Overview and introduction.

The fruit of Neolamarckia cadamba turns green after 1.5 months and then gradually turns orange. After 3 months, in the month of October, this fruit becomes fully mature and the fruit ripens. Another ripe fruit color is light orange color. Although the weight of a green fruit is 30 grams, the weight of a ripe fruit is 35 to 45 grams. This tree has a sweet fragrance of ripe fruit. This ripe fruit is sweet to eat, slightly salty and its seeds feel a little hard on the teeth while chewing. But eating raw fruit is sour and salty. However, both raw and ripe fruits are juicy and 40 percent water. The fruit tastes great with salt and pepper powder. A healthy and disease-free tree of 4 to 5 years old has 5 thousand fruits. This fruit is in sufficient quantity in Asian continent so this fruit is sold very little in Asian continent market. Again, this fruit can be seen in the big markets of America, Russia, Canada, which is used for Diabetes, Blood purification, Heart disease.

Roots of Neolamarckia cadamba.

The roots of Neolamarckia cadamba are covered with two layers. The soft coating on top is made of carbohydrates and is slightly purple in color. It is the upper screen of the roots. However, it can be dried in the sun and used as fuel. The second and inner part is the strong white wood material by which the tree stands. Home furniture or office chairs and tables are made with it. The average root size of a 2-year-old tree is 2 meters and the average root size of a 4-year-old tree is 4 meters.

Root cap is soft and dark in color. The root tip is located in somewhat hard and deep soil. Root hairs are less and shorter than other plants but are 3 to 4 cm thick in size. The primary root is strong enough. Its size is 2 to 3 meters. Lateral root: The lateral root of a 2-year-old tree is 300 to 400. Another 4-year-old tree has 500 to 600 lateral roots.

Seeds of the Neolamarckia cadamba: Introduction.

The seeds of Neolamarckia cadamba are slightly Orange in color. However, after the fruit of this tree is dried well in the sun at 40 celsius, the seeds can be seen. Because the seeds are covered with a juicy substance. 5 seeds without virus weigh 1 gram. A healthy and virus-free fruit contains 8 to 8.5 thousand seeds. The seeds are seen to be covered with a hard coat. If a seed is sown in the soil at normal temperature, it takes 1 month for that seed to germinate. You will be surprised to know that in nature the germination percentage of Neolamarckia cadamba seeds is 5 percent or less. However, the germination probability of lab seeds is 40 percent. These seeds are not damaged even at 50 degree heat level and can be stored up to 4 years.

Plant of Neolamarckia cadamba: Overview.

Neolamarckia cadamba seeds germinate 1 month after sowing, after 2 months the seedlings are 4 to 5 leaves and 7 to 9 inches in size. Up to 3 to 5 months this seedling can be shifted but after that it is not possible. The leaves and stem of the seedling are small in size and the veins of the leaves are a little red in color. The number of leaves of 3 months old seedlings is 10 to 12 and the number of leaves of 5 months old plants is 20 to 30.

Habitat of Neolamarckia cadamba.

The habitat of Neolamarckia cadamba is organic and fertile soil. But according to our survey, we have seen this tree grow in Swampy places, Brackish places or Rough environment. But in organic and fertile soil, this tree grows fast and gives fruits and flowers quickly. In organic soil and normal temperature, the leaves grow 3 to 4 cm and in rough environment, the leaves are slightly darker in color and smaller in size. The average climate in the Asian continent is temperate, so this tree grows more in the Asian continent. At normal temperature and 50 percent humidity, this tree does not need any Fertilizers, Pesticides or Water.

Price Classification of Neolamarckia cadamba all over the world.

Continents Name Flower Price(KG) Fruit Price(KG) Seeds Price(KG) Plant Price(5 Month old) Wood Price(KB)
Asia  20 USD 30 USD 100 USD 150 USD 221 USD
Africa 11940 CFA 17910 CFA 59700 CFA 89550 CFA 131937.01 CFA
North America 25 USD 35 USD 105 USD 160 USD 250 USD
South America 30 USD 40 USD 100 USD 150 USD 240 USD
Antarctica 20 USD 30 USD 90 USD 130 USD 200 USD
Europe €2.35 €4 €5 €6 €8
Australia 30.26 AUD 45.38 AUD 136.15 AUd 196.67 AUD 302 AUD

Propagation of Neolamarckia cadamba.

Serial Propagation method
01 Seeds
02 Vegetative cuttings
03 Biological Clone

1. Method of propagation of Neolamarckia cadamba by seeds:

Before sowing the seeds of Neolamarckia cadamba should be dried in the sun for 4 hours and then soaked in water for 3 hours. The germination percentage of the seeds will increase by 80%. After that, if the seeds are sown in 40 percent moist soil, the seeds will germinate within 1 month and after 2 months, the seeds will transform into small seedlings. Then if this seedling is transplanted in the designated place, it will become a Neolamarckia cadamba tree in the designated place.

2. Propagation method of Neolamarckia cadamba through vegetative cuttings:

This method is quite difficult and requires prior experience. This is a special method: a 10 to 20-day-old branch of Neolamarckia cadamba is cut and placed in a beaker mixed with chemicals. After 20 to 30 days, roots emerge from this branch. After 35 to 40 days, these rooted branches are picked from the pot and placed in a specific place on the ground. A new seedling tree is born there. Common people can propagate this plant using this method because this method requires enough patience and good knowledge of chemicals.

3. Propagation method of Neolamarckia cadamba through biological clone:

This method is quite expensive and must take permission from the government of your country. In this method, it is possible to produce thousands of seedlings in a short time from the leaves, branches, roots or flowers of Neolamarckia cadamba. Biological cloning of Neolamarckia cadamba involves obtaining a sample of its genetic material, typically through tissue culture or similar methods. The isolated genetic material, such as a segment of its DNA, is then introduced into a suitable host cell. Through culturing and cell division, genetically identical copies of Neolamarckia cadamba can be generated. This process aims to reproduce the desirable traits of the parent plant. Successful cloning can contribute to preserving specific characteristics or accelerating the propagation of Neolamarckia cadamba, a tropical tree known for its rapid growth and utility in various applications, including timber and traditional medicine. In this process we can collect a thousand of plants from this Biological clone.

Why Neolamarckia cadamba is Popular?

Neolamarckia cadamba is popular mainly for 3 reasons:

Serial Reason
01 Beautiful flowers of Neolamarckia cadamba.
02 The taste of the fruit is mixed with sweet and sour.
03 Medicines are made from its bark or twigs.

1. Beautiful flowers of Neolamarckia cadamba.

Neolamarckia cadamba is loved by everyone because of its beautiful and attractive flowers. This is also a major reason.

2. The taste of the fruit is mixed with sweet and sour.

The ripe fruit of Neolamarckia cadamba is mixed sweet and sour to eat. So little children or girls like to eat this fruit. So these reasons also make this Neolamarckia cadamba popular.

3. Medicines are made from its bark or twigs.

Neolamarckia cadamba bark, leaves or fruits are used as home remedies. Such as cold fever or blood stop wound area etc. But now due to the discovery of better treatment these home remedies are not done now. However, there are still this medical system in the poor areas of different countries of the Asian continent. This is also a major reason for its popularity.

Availability of Neolamarckia cadamba.

Before 1950, Neolamarckia cadamba was only found in few countries such as: India, Bangladesh, Africa, Pakistan, Myanmar etc. Because the temperature of these countries was normal. But now this Neolamarckia cadamba is in all countries. This plant is being used in the laboratory of different countries for testing and making medicine. But there are enough now in North America, South America, Japan, Russia, Sudan, Canada, Zambia, Kuwait and other countries.

Religious significance of Neolamarckia cadamba Religious Activities.

According to our survey,

The Neolamarckia cadamba tree, intricately intertwined with Hindu spirituality, finds its roots in the celestial tales of Lord Krishna and the sacred Hindu scriptures. Its fragrant flowers, utilized in religious ceremonies and garlands, carry profound symbolism, representing purity and unwavering devotion. Beyond its aesthetic contributions, the tree holds a revered status, believed to usher in blessings and foster spiritual well-being when worshipped.

In Hindu tradition, the Neolamarckia cadamba tree is uniquely associated with the cosmic alignment of the 27 nakshatras, embodying the twelve houses (Rasis) and nine planets. Each star is meticulously represented by a corresponding tree, with the kadamba standing as a symbol for Shatabhisha, aligning with the astronomical essence of Aquarii.

Delving into the tales of mythology, the kadamba tree plays a central role in the romantic escapades of Radha and Krishna, where the hospitable and sweet-scented shade becomes the canvas for their divine love play. In North India, the kadamba is intrinsically linked with Krishna, while in the southern regions, it assumes the title of “Parvati’s tree.”

Venturing into the historical and cultural landscape, the Kadamba kingdom’s legacy is commemorated annually through Kadambotsava, a festival celebrated by the Government of Karnataka at Banavasi. The festival pays homage to the first ruling Kingdom of Karnataka, where the Kadamba kings organized a spring festival each year.

Beyond the boundaries of Hinduism, the Neolamarckia cadamba tree finds a place in Theravada Buddhism, where it served as the sacred site for Sumedha Buddha’s enlightenment. Its presence extends to harvest festivities like Karam-Kadamba, celebrated on the eleventh lunar day of Bhadra, offering a cultural tapestry that reaches regions like Kerala and Kodagu.

As the Neolamarckia cadamba tree stands as the Sthala Vruksham (“tree of the place”) in cities like Kadambavanam, its significance echoes in Meenakshi Amman Temple, where a withered relic is carefully preserved. In the rich tapestry of Hindu culture and beyond, the kadamba tree remains an emblem of spiritual depth, cultural richness, and ecological reverence.

Benefits of Neolamarckia cadamba: medicinal Uses.

Based on the use of Neolamarckia cadamba, its benefits can be divided into 3 categories:

Serial Number Benefits
01 It is used for decoration.
02 Various necklaces or beautifying cosmetic products are made with it.
03 Neolamarckia cadamba is used in making domestic medicine.

1. Neolamarckia cadamba is used for Decoration.

Flowers of this tree are used for stage decoration in various events. Because the price of flowers is low and popular, people use these flowers for decoration. These flowers are used to welcome guests, offer love, decorate the house or room and it is known as decoration.

2. Various Necklaces or beautifying cosmetic products are made with it.

Around 1990, people used to make necklaces with Neolamarckia cadamba flowers and gift them to their loved ones. Compared to earlier, this practice is seen much less now, but many people still give this garland as a gift. These flower garlands can be stored in the sun for 2 to 3 years. So this is also part of a major benefit.

3. Neolamarckia cadamba is used in making domestic medicine.

Before the 1950s, medical care was not as advanced as it is now. So people used to mix honey with Neolamarckia cadamba fruit juice to stop fever, cold and hair loss. Eating the crushed bark of Neolamarckia cadamba in the morning would cure dysentery for a long time. If there is skin disease or lice on the body of cows and goats, the juice of the fruit of Neolamarckia cadamba will remove the lice or skin disease. However, these methods are now quite difficult and time-consuming. So we should use advanced medical methods. In early times people used this method for lack of advanced treatment.

Cultivate process of Neolamarckia cadamba and instructions.

Neolamarckia cadamba can be cultivated in two ways based on cultivation.

Serial Cultivation Method
01 Cultivation of Neolamarckia cadamba in land.
02 Cultivation of Neolamarckia cadamba in tubs.

1. Cultivation of Neolamarckia cadamba in land.

This tree is cultivated in the land for timber production and sale. A 10-year-old Neolamarckia cadamba tree costs $1,000 to $1,500. And the distance of a tree takes only 8 to 10 feet. So it is time consuming but quite profitable. Let’s see how Neolamarckia cadamba is cultivated in the land.

Serial Production process
01 Choosing the place
02 Prepare the land.
03 Seed planting and seedling production.
04 Seedling care, use of fertilizers and pesticides.
05 Clean the weeds and clean the tree branches.
06 Methods of collecting and selling flowers.
07 Removal of trees and sale of timber.

1. Choosing the best place.

Choose a place that gets at least 7 hours of sun a day. The soil for Neolamarckia cadamba is better if it is loam or sandy loam. Select a site where the soil has 40 to 60 percent moisture.

2. Prepare the land.

The soil of the land must be cleared and cultivated. Make the soil fertile. Hard soil must be broken and raked. 10-10-10 ratio should be mixed with Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Compost fertilizer. Then the soil of the land should be leveled. The land should be surrounded by nets so that no domestic animals can destroy the plants.

3. Seed planting and seedling production.

Before sowing seeds, dry them in the sun for 6 hours and soak them for 2 hours. Now we are ready to sow these seeds. Now sow the seeds 3 inches below the soil measuring one per 10 square feet. Spray 10% water on the land after sowing.

4. Seedling care, Use of fertilizers and pesticides.

After 1 month of sowing, the seedlings will germinate and after 2 months the seedlings will be 1 to 2 feet tall. After 6 days after 1 hour water should be sprayed. If the age of seedlings is 4 months, 10-10-4 should be mixed with urea potassium and organic fertilizers and mixed with the soil. Seedlings should be tied with nets around the garden so that domestic animals do not eat the seedlings. If additional insects attack, spray poison or use poison bait.

5. Clean the weeds and cut unnecessary branches of tree.

When the saplings are 1 year old, the unnecessary branches should be cut. Then the unnecessary branches of the tree should be cut every 5 months. It will keep the tree growing fast and the tree healthy. Neolamarckia cadamba does not die when cut. After 2 to 3 months new leaves or branches grow. Weeds cannot be allowed to grow around this tree. To save the tree from viruses and bacteria, after 5 months soil should be given at the base of the tree and vaccine should be sprayed.

6. Methods of collecting and selling flowers or fruits.

Neolamarckia cadamba will begin to flower within 3 to 4 years. Then within 3 days of flowering is the appropriate time to market flowers. At this time, if the farmer wants to sell flowers, he will pick the flowers in the morning before the sun rises and wrap them in black polythene and then market them. It will not spoil the quality or fragrance of the flower. Insecticides cannot be sprayed 10 days before the sale of flowers. 3 days after the sale of flowers, you can do sprayed.

All pesticide sprays must be stopped 10 days before fruit sale. After that, when the fruit is fully matured, it should be marketed. The fruits should be cleaned in water and then marketed. There will be less risk in taking this fruit.

7. Removal of trees and sale of timber.

Neolamarckia cadamba trees can be sold only when they are 3 years old. The cut of this tree is light red in color and the wood is quite strong. As the age of the tree increases, the wood price and wood production capacity of this tree will increase.

2. Cultivation of Neolamarckia cadamba in tubs.

1. Tub and Place Selection:

Neolamarckia cadamba is a large tree species so you choose a tub with a capacity of 3 kg. Choose a place that gets 6 hours of sunlight a day. Keep the tub well watered.

2. Seed collection:

To get good seeds of Neolamarckia cadamba you have to collect from the nearest agriculture office. It will be easy for you to produce seeds and seedlings from seeds. If you have prepared good quality seeds of your own plants, you can also use it.

3. Sowing and Seedling Production:

Sow 10 seeds in a tub. After 1 month these seeds will germinate and small seedlings will be seen. After 2 months, leaving only one fertilized seedling in a tub, all other seedling plants should be removed.

4. Seedling Care:

1. The tree should be surrounded with nets. So that no animal can eat leaves or tree bark.

2. The leaves of 2 to 5 month old seedlings cannot be cut. The soil under the saplings should always be fertile soil and organic fertilizers should be applied every 3 months.

3. Neolamarckia cadamba flowers or fruits should not be removed during collection. If the leaves of the tree are torn during the collection of fruits or flowers, the next time the flowers come to the tree and the normal activity of the tree is disturbed.

Top 9 image of Neolamarckia cadamba.

Neolamarckia cadamba

Neolamarckia cadamba.





Leichhardt pine

Leichhardt pine.

Kadam Gacher ful

Kadam Gacher ful.





Kadam Ful

Kadam Ful.

Kadam Flower

Kadam Flower.

Highlighting a important request to our visitor’s:

According to our survey,

The fruit of Neolamarckia cadamba ripens in September or October. Birds or animals have to survive only by eating the ripe fruits of Neolamarckia cadamba when there are few fruits in the world in September or October. So we should take care of the flowers of Neolamarckia cadamba. Make others aware not to cut flowers. If the extra flowers are plucked, the animals will die from lack of food in the month of October.