Papaya is one of the last and top favorite fruit of the summer season. In China, all ages of people like it very much. There are many types of papaya fruit according to the size. In Bangladesh and India, the price of papaya is low. The nutrition value of the papaya is high. This fruit is helpful for Cancer, Diabetes, and Corona patients.
Papaya is a tropical fruit, such as Pineapple or Banana. It has bright orange flesh, which is sweet, and it becomes sweet as it ripens. Papaya seeds have a slight pepper flavor.
Papaya grows on trees, and these trees are grown in several places around the world. Most notably, the trees are cultivated in Mexico and South America. It is a common crop in Hawaii and has been around for a long time.
Papaya Scientific Name List,
Papaya Scientific Name, Carica papaya.
Name Papaya is one of the 22 recognized species of the Carica genus Caricae.
It originated in the tropics of the Americas. Many times you must have eaten papaya many times. And it is very tasty inside the food. The papaya tree is very small. The tree has a stem of 5 to 10 meters. The leaves are large, 50-70 cm (20-28 inches) in diameter. All parts of the plant contain latex.
The fruit is about 15-45 cm (5.9-18.6 inches) long and 10-30 inches long. Cm (3.9-11.8 inches) in diameter. It is cylindrical in shape and orange in color.
List of scientific names of papaya:
Scientific name of papaya: Carica papaya
Scientific name of yellow papaya: Carica papaya l.
Hawaiian Sunrise Papaya Scientific name: Carica papaya
Royal Star Papaya Scientific name: Carica papaya
Guinea Gold papaya: Carica papaya
Kamia papaya: Carica papaya
Peterson papaya: Carica papaya
The fruit must be collected before it is ripe. Therefore, it is picked when the skin is green or yellow-green in color and it will turn completely yellow as it matures. The flesh on the inside of the fruit is usually orange in color, but there are some varieties that are pink or red in color. Interestingly, although the seeds are edible, the skin is not.
Average size and weight of the Papaya.
The fruit can be very large, up to twenty pounds! The average size and weight of Papaya are about six inches long, pear-shaped, and weigh about two pounds. The average papaya is about six inches long, pear-shaped, and weighs about two pounds. It is commonly sold as Papaya, although it is also known as papao, mamao, and tree watermelon.
Time when Papaya delicious to eat.
It can be eaten raw when purchased fully ripe (with yellow skin), although cuts are required first. Sweetmeat inside is a delicious snack. Some recipes actually call for a green papaya, which is an immature form of fruit.
Season of Papaya.
Papaya is planted in spring (February-March), monsoon (June-July), and autumn (October-November). 1.8 x 1.8 m spacing. Is usually followed. However, high-density cultivation at intervals of 1.5 x 1.5 m / h increases the farmer’s income and is recommended.
In many well-drained soils, papaya trees grow well and bear fruit. Plants will do well with care in sandy, loamy and rocky soils with a pH of 4.5 to 8.0.
The best place to plant papaya is on the south or south-east side of the house where there is some protection from wind and cold weather. Papaya grows well even in full sun. Papaya prefers well-drained soil and papaya plants grown due to shallow roots will not tolerate wet conditions.
Choose a nutritious potting mixture for tropical plants, or make your own mixture from garden soil and 25-50% compost. As long as the soil is well-drained, the proper composition of the soil does not matter. Papaya grows on sandy, loamy or rocky soils.
Replant papaya trees in a new place at a distance of about 4 1/2 feet. Dig a hole for each papaya tree you planted. The hole should be deep enough to hold the roots and should be about twice as wide as the roots spread. Partially fill the hole with excavated soil.
System to cultivate Papaya on land.
Papaya cultivation is very profitable. About 900 trees are planted per acre. People get an average yield of 50kg-60kg per tree, which is sold at Rs. 18 per kg in Chennai shops. Some fruits weigh up to 4 kg and some plants yield up to 200 kg.
It is easy to grow and with proper nutrition, the profit is high. There are farmers who cultivate papaya on one acre of land and earn an average of up to 3 lakhs. The profit may be 5 lakh rupees per acre.
Papaya trees need 7 to 10 feet of space between each other and between other plants and structures.
Trees that grow on waterlogged soils (loam, sandy loam) should not be watered excessively and therefore should be watered every 3 to 4 days, especially in hot weather.
Royal Star papayas are large, elongated fruits that are cylindrical but slightly pear-shaped and almost Can be up to 20 cm long. Smaller than Mexican papaya, each fruit can weigh between 1 and 2 pounds. The skin turns from green to yellow and when fully mature, orange or red color may develop.
Papaya is often propagated by seed, but papaya plants grafted from papaya seedlings grow faster and bear fruit earlier, although little research has been done on the success of transplanted plants after the third or fourth generation.
System to store Papaya.
If you want to store papaya, the freezing temperature keeps liitle freezing. otherwise, will be severe damage or death to the whole plant. A few hours below 32 degrees Fahrenheit will cause minor damage to established plants, but constant subfreezing temperatures can kill whole papayas.
Where can you pick papaya?
Since papaya is grown mostly in Hawaii, where the climate is relatively stable year after year, papaya can be grown, harvested, and purchased for most of the year. However, depending on the season, the price may fluctuate. It may seem a bit expansive compared to other fruits, but consider the journey it has taken to get to your kitchen.
The peak season for Hawaiian papaya in the US market is April to June, and October to December. Several market production departments can carry juice-cut papaya all year round. Papaya nectar is also available, canned, and bottled, although its position in a market may vary.
How do you pick good papaya?
When buying papaya, be sure to choose the most yellow fruit with some green on the surface. That way, you can let it come to full maturity at home. When ripe, the fruit should be firm, but yielding to gentle pressure. It should feel surprisingly heavy for its size and have smooth skin.
Ripe papaya should have a sweet aroma, though avoid buying overripe fruit. That fruit will be extremely soft and is worth buying if you want to purify it and use it instantly.
Papaya is an incredibly popular fruit worldwide, and you are sure to find it if you visit your local market. There are lots of recipes online, so let one or two of them go!
Papaya Sizes and Shapes:
Trading Standards Commercially grown, fresh, raw papayas are intended for immediate delivery to consumers and are subject to a set of quality trading standards that take into account their size and maturity as well as how large the papaya is. After being gently picked from a tree, the papaya fruits are graded and carefully arranged in a single layer in a polyethylene-lined cardboard box within three or four hours of harvesting.
Also, the shape of the papaya fruit can be round, rectangular, or even pear-shaped, determined by the sex of the papaya tree instead of specific cultivation. Although there is no difference in taste experience, individual sizes, pear-shaped papayas, such as Hawaiian papaya, gain the most popular, premium price in the world market.
Larger and smaller papayas, as a general rule, have larger papaya fruits, the cheaper their prices per pound, and the less commercial significance they have. Smaller papayas, on the other hand, seem to generate more consumer interest due to their compact size and longer shelf-life.
Although consumer demand for large papayas generally calls for the Cuban ‘Maradol’, these and other large varieties cannot survive without drought and continuous irrigation.
Their large, watermelon-like fruits are especially preferred by Latin American consumers who are more familiar with them.
Although Hawaii is a major producer of this tropical fruit, most of the papayas eaten in the United States come from Mexico and other neighboring regions that cultivate ‘Maradol’ papaya. Sometimes weighing as much as six pounds (2.75 kg), this large, red papaya is grown from the dwarf tree and has a sweet, pleasant taste.
On the other hand, with less than 20 ounces (600 grams) of small fruit, the Hawaiian ‘Solo’ is the most popular papaya in the world. From this variety, several prominent, crossbred cultivars have been created, such as ‘Capoho’, ‘Sunset’, ‘Wiemanello’, and ‘Sunrise’. All of them boast exceptional quality flavored, single-serving fruits, but ‘Sunrise’ papaya has the highest sugar content and the best taste.
How big is papaya?
As it turns out, the answer is quite complex. Based on a number of genetic factors, the size of the papaya is an essential determinant of the commercial value of this tropical crop. In recent years, selective breeding programs have sought to promote greater uniformity in papaya growth – especially since it relates to the production of small papayas of excellent taste and adequate quality.
Mexican red/yellow papaya.
These papayas are very large fruits and they are 15 to 50 cm in length. They are ovate. Their skin is smooth and waxy. It is bright, yellow and orange. Below the surface, the color of the flesh extends from red, orange, and yellow to pink. Besides, its seeds are edible, but this taste is sharp inside.
This papaya is a fairly fragrant fruit native to the tropics of Central America and southern Mexico. Mexican red/yellow papaya grows to a height of 3 to 9 meters.
Varieties of Mexican papaya, also known as Maradol papaya, Caribbean red papaya, Caribbean sunrise papaya, and red papaya.
Mexican papaya is a good source of vitamin C. And it strengthens the immune system. It reduces inflammation and is also very beneficial for bones and teeth. It also contains things like folate, fiber, iron, and magnesium. Which is quite beneficial. This papaya is also very good for digestion. Has a sweet, fleshy taste and a soft texture. And its skin flesh and seeds are edible. Usually, the meat of this papaya is eaten separately and the seeds are eaten separately for taste. Papaya can be used as a flavoring. Mexican papaya can be used as a flavoring for ice cream, syrups, jams, and jams.
In Hawaiian sunrise papaya.
22-26 ounces it is pear-shaped. When cooked, it turns golden orange inside. Salmon flesh is pink and filled with many small, shiny, dark, inedible seeds. Perforated seeds surround the cavity.
It is sweeter than other varieties and has very low acidity. This papaya is also known as sunrise. Strawberry papaya is a good source of beta carotene and vitamins A, C, and E. And it is best eaten raw. It is cooked at room temperature for 3 to 5 days.
Strawberry papaya should never be fed to a pregnant woman as it can cause miscarriage problems. And it can be an allergic reaction. Strawberry papaya was made in 1961 at the University of Hawaii. Later it was cultivated in different places.
Hawaiian sunset papaya has a pink flesh inside. And to see it is the color of the sun. This fruit was made from the cross of two trees. The leaves are straightened with a light purple blush. The first fruits mature after about 10 months. 20 per acre. Yield up to 40 tons. It has some resistance to anthracnose but is susceptible to the papaya ringspot virus.
Betina variety is mostly grown in Queensland, Australia. And inside it is a lot of sweetmeat. If we talk about its weight, it is 3 to 5 pounds.
Guinea Gold Papaya.
This papaya is native to Western Australia. It produces a pear-shaped fruit with a thin golden yellow peel and flesh and weighs 2 to 3 pounds. It takes at least 18 months to cook.
Hortus gold papaya.
In 1960, female ‘Hortus gold’ was planted at Farm University, in which a plant with more subs was selected. More immunity was chosen and named ‘Honey Gold’. It tastes sweet inside. It is a fruit weighing 1 kg. It does not reproduce properly from seed and is therefore propagated by cuttings. And it takes more than 10 months to mature.
It was founded in 1960 by the University of Hawaii. It was started by Henry Nakason College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources. Kamia papaya is a medium-sized fruit with orange flesh, thin peel, a light but delicate aroma, smooth texture, and high sugar content. It was shaped, and its biggest feature was its seeds were inside the cavity, which was difficult to remove. Although it was quite tasty.
This papaya is very sweet and delicious. It is quite popular in the Pune district. 90 percent of the people there cultivate this variety of papaya. There is yellow flesh inside.
Papaya Carica is a papaya that grows only in the tropics. In many tropical countries, papaya is called panj. Peterson is mainly found in Queensland, Australia. It also has pale skin with green spots. Dark orange meat has a very interesting taste.
It is mainly of two types. One has sweet, red, or orange flesh and the other has yellow flesh. Caribbean red grows in the US market. It is sold on a scale. It is a dwarf variety and contains high vitamin C. It is a fast-growing plant.
So this variety of Nung papaya is very famous as Formosa papaya. At maturity, it becomes 3 to 4 pounds. It is elongated with pink or light red sweet flesh.
Samba papaya is a large, elongated ovate fruit up to 20 cm in length with a fairly round end. The skin is thin and it changes from green to yellow to orange. When fully ripe, it is filled with black seeds. It is very tasty to eat. They are rich in Vitamin C and Vitamin A and are a good source of riboflavin and folate. B-complex vitamins, calcium, phosphorus, iron, and potassium are also found. This papaya has a lot of nutritional value. It contains a total of 212 types of nutrients.
This papaya can only be eaten green. Or you can make lettuce and chutney and eat it. And its seeds are used as an alternative to black pepper because it is quite spicy. It grows in countries like South Africa, Australia, Mexico, and Southeast Asia.
Royal Star Papaya.
This papaya is tall and cylindrical but it is pear-shaped and it is about 20 cm long. Are shaped like pears. When it comes to weight, it’s between 1 and 2 pounds. The skin is green and yellow. When fully developed it becomes green and orange. This papaya can be eaten even when it is half-ripe. But it is better if it is fully cooked. The bright, orange-red flesh is firm and juicy, providing a sweet, tropical flavor. This papaya is available all year round.
Royal Star papaya is a hybrid type of papaya. This papaya is rich in nutrients. They contain 212 nutrients. It contains a lot of vitamins C and A. Complex vitamins and minerals include calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, copper, manganese and selenium, and fatty acids for health.This papaya can be eaten raw but also cooked, it can also be eaten mixed with other salads. You can also make chutney and eat it. These papayas can be easily stored in the fridge for up to 5 days.
Royal Star papaya is grown by third-generation farmers in Colima, Mexico, and South Texas. Colima’s family, a family living near the Mexican border, raised it exclusively. In addition, many types of papaya recipes and pickles are prepared and eaten.
The papaya tree has various uses, but it is most famous for its sweet and tender fruit. In fact, this South American fruit is one of the most popular in the world and is now grown in every tropical and subtropical country.
The most popular variety of papaya in the world today is Solo. It is called because of the small fruit, about 350 – 500 grams each, which is convenient as a single serving.
This variety includes many lines such as Line 5, Line 8, Line 10, Capoho, Waimanalo, and Sunrise.
Other major papaya exporters include Malaysia, India, and the United States (mainly through re-export). In the case of India, despite being the world’s leading producer of papaya, fruit exports in 2009 accounted for less than 1 percent of total production.
Although its origin is rather obscure, papaya may represent a caricature fusion of two or more species from Mexico and Central America. Today it is cultivated throughout the tropical world and in the warmest parts of the subtropics.
Papaya – Scientific name: Carica Papaya. The leaves, fruits, stems, and roots all contain the proteolytic enzyme papain. Papain has been thoroughly studied, and it is reported to be a true, soluble, digestive ferment or a mixture of ferments of vegetable origin, its proteolytic action is characterized by acid, and alkaline.
There are six states: Plantae, Animalia, Fungi, Protista, Archaea / Archaebacteria, and Bacteria Eubacteria. The papaya kingdom and all other plant kingdoms are Plantae. In addition to the scientific names and classifications of papaya, learn about other papaya information. Mass is a group of plants that are related to each other in one way or another.
Papaya contains two proteolytic enzymes, papain and chymopapain, which improve digestion. These enzymes help break down and digest proteins and are thus known as strong digestive aids. Papaya also relieves constipation.
Papaya have lot of vitamins and minerals.
Papaya is a powerhouse of vitamins and minerals that support the functioning of the cardiovascular system. This fruit also helps reduce the risk of heart attack and contains fiber, potassium, and vitamin which helps maintain good heart health.
1. Can reduce your risk of cancer.
Some studies have shown that papaya has anti-cancer properties that can protect against a variety of cancers, including uterine, breast, liver, lung, and pancreatic. Rich in antioxidants such as lycopene, beta-carotene, and carotenoids, this fruit works to reduce the damage caused by free radicals in the body.
2. Helps to Lose weight.
This low-calorie fruit is excellent for weight loss. If you are looking for foods to add to your weight loss diet, consider this humble fruit – 100 grams which contain only 43 calories.
Bright papaya for your skin can give you radiant skin because it helps to remove dead cells.
Note that, plenty of beta-carotene in this fruit helps to brighten the skin color. It can keep your skin hydrated and you can use it to treat cracked heels.
3. Great for your eyesight.
We all know that Vitamin A is essential for good eyesight. And the beta-carotene in papaya is converted into vitamin A in the body, which keeps your eyes healthy. At the same time, its antioxidant properties reduce retinal and corneal erosion.
Papaya fruit is often given to women who have irregular menstrual cycles to help them deal with irregular periods. Its enzymes help control and facilitate blood flow during periods. This fruit also stimulates the hormone estrogen in the body and helps you to cope with painful cramps. Papaya also has anti-inflammatory properties by preventing arthritis, thanks to the papain compound.
It makes a powerful food for fighting diseases like arthritis, diabetes, and high blood pressure.
4. A Boon for Immunity.
We know you already know something good about immunity-boosting fruit, but we probably can’t end this chat with papaya fruit without mentioning its benefits for immunity. Papaya is rich in iron, folate, B6, calcium, magnesium, vitamins A, C, B1, B3, B5, E, K, and potassium — making it the perfect food to keep your body going.
Papaya flowers contain vitamins A, C, E, and folate with anti-oxidant properties that prevent cholesterol and oxidation. Flower extract mixed with honey is used for respiratory problems such as cough and sore throat.
All parts of the plant contain latex in the articulated lattice. Papaya is of dual nature. The flowers are divided into five parts and are highly dicotyledonous; The stamens of the male flowers are mixed with the petals. The female flower has a superior ovary and is loosely attached at the base of five deformed petals.
This is a natural process when an unripe flower cannot bear fruit. Naturally, the fertilized flower bears fruit on the papaya tree. This happens when the fruits are small (the size of a golf ball). The papaya tree naturally bears fruit from unripe flowers. Like bananas, papaya is more than just a fruit, which can be cooked green or eaten raw when ripe. The young leaves and flowers are boiled and edible and the inner back of the main stalk is raw.
Some people throw away papaya seeds after cutting the fruit. Remember that seeds are also edible, so eating them is perfectly fine. The seeds have a wrinkled texture and a slight pepper flavor, which makes them the perfect spice for many dishes. Just take out the seeds and save them later.
Undoubtedly everyone knows the many health benefits of papaya fruit. These nutritious fruits, which are available throughout the year, are an excellent source of nutrition for our overall health and well-being. Like many other fruits, papaya has many seeds in its skin-covered flesh. Again, like many other fruits, kernels are discarded to eat juicy meat. Have you ever wondered why we assume that these seeds are inedible and only discarded? Of course, if we accidentally bite them, they taste bitter, but does that mean they shouldn’t be eaten? Maybe, they. Some experts suggest that papaya seeds be eaten only if taken in moderation.
Dr. Anju Sood, a Bengaluru-based nutritionist noted, “Not all seeds are toxic, but some seeds are very bitter which causes some kind of gastrointestinal upset.” According to many other nutritionists, papaya seeds are actually edible and can be eaten to get their various health-beneficial properties.
What are the benefits of eating papaya seeds?
1. Fighting free radicals, papaya seeds are rich in antioxidants – polyphenols and flavonoids – which protect us from common infections and many chronic diseases, such as colds and coughs.
2. Helps in weight control Fruit seeds are fibrous in nature which helps in digestion and further helps in the prevention of obesity. Fiber controls blood pressure which helps keep the heart-healthy.
3. Keeps the intestines healthy Some studies have claimed that papaya seeds contain proteolytic enzymes that kill the bacteria and parasites in the intestines, thereby keeping the stomach and intestines healthy.
4. Relieves menstrual cramps It is also said that eating papaya seeds during periods helps reduce muscle cramps and pain.
5. By controlling cholesterol levels Papaya seeds are also rich in healthy monosaturated fatty acids, in particular, oleic acid (3), which is known to reduce high levels of bad cholesterol (LDL).
How to eat papaya seeds?
How can we eat it because of its bitter taste?
Well, you don’t really have to push your taste buds out. Crush papaya seeds and mix them into powdered sweet smoothies, juices, desserts, or even teas. The sweetness of sugar, honey, or molasses will overcome the bitterness of the seeds.
Papaya leaves are often eaten as an extract, tea or juice and have been found to treat symptoms related to dengue fever. Other common uses include reducing inflammation, improving blood sugar control, supporting skin and hair health, and preventing cancer.
For those whose immune system is weak, papaya leaf juice may be beneficial. You can eat it every day to boost your immunity.
Sensitive people can develop severe allergic reactions to papaya. Latex papaya can cause severe skin irritation and vesicant. Taking papaya juice and papaya seeds orally is unlikely to have adverse effects; However, eating too many papaya leaves can cause stomach irritation.
Papaya leaf juice works wonders to ease menstrual flow and reduce pain. Drinking this juice also reduces the symptoms of PMS. Its powerful healing properties maintain hormonal balance and regulate the menstrual cycle.
It can be concluded that papaya leaves are resistant to high blood pressure and reduce the hardening of the arteries. Keywords: arterial stiffness, blood pressure, Carica papaya L., hypertension, pulse wave velocity.
Papaya seeds are also known to contain important nutrients needed to help control diseases such as liver cirrhosis. Eating 3 to 4 papaya seeds daily, mixed with crushed and lime juice, can help in the treatment and recovery of liver cirrhosis.
Studies on rats have shown that papaya leaf extract is full of antioxidants and blood sugar-lowering effects. It helps protect the pancreatic insulin-producing cells from damage and premature death. But no research has been done on humans.
Hang a bundle of papaya leaves in a dry, dark place. For example, from a hook or nail at one end of a clothes rod in a shed or a closet. Allow the leaves to dry naturally. The process can take up to four weeks or more, depending on the temperature and humidity.
According to the US National Library of Medicine, papaya can interact with blood-thinning drugs, which can easily cause bleeding and sores. Fermented papaya can lower blood sugar levels, which can be dangerous for diabetics.
Raw papaya can help you cleanse your body and improve digestion. It contains papain-like enzymes that help stimulate the secretion of gastric acid for digestion. Also, this nutrient helps our gut bacteria and keeps the stomach toxin-free.
Papain helps break down dietary protein and is often used to soften meat. It is sold as a supplement to help improve digestion. However, although papain can improve your digestion, there is no credible evidence that it can help you lose weight or burn fat.
Mixing papaya with milk increases breast size. However, if you are pregnant, this is not the fruit you need to add to your pregnancy diet. There is a rich source of estrogen that stimulates large breasts. Make a paste and mix it with mustard oil and gently massage your breasts.
Fruits like papaya, orange, and plum are great natural laxatives for relieving constipation, even in people with a long history of the condition. These fruits are rich in fiber and water, which speed up bowel flow and facilitate bowel formation.